Role of Forensic Science in the 21st Century Crime Scene

August 20, 2014

“It is a capital mistake to theorize before one has data. Insensibly one begins to twist facts to suit theories, instead of theories to suit facts.”—Sherlock Holmes

What do Sherlock Holmes and Dr Watson, Hercule Poirot, Miss Marple, and Byomkesh Bakshi have in common? Deduction and Logical reasoning. These popular literary detectives, undoubtedly, paved the ground for what is today known as Forensic Science; the branch of science which deals with criminal investigation. With criminal masterminds around the globe devising unimaginable methods of committing crimes each day, forensic science plays an indispensable role in the investigation of serious crimes.

One of the first significant achievements in the field was the development of techniques for identifying individuals by their fingerprints. In the 19th century, it was discovered that almost any contact between a finger and a fixed surface left a latent mark that could be made visible by a variety of procedures (e.g., the use of a fine powder). Historically, searching fingerprint collections was a time-consuming manual task, relying on various systems of classification. The development in the 1980s of computerized databases for the electronic storage and rapid searching of fingerprint collections has enabled researchers to match prints much more quickly. The FBI, for example, reportedly held millions of prints in its electronic database at the beginning of the 21st century. Fingerprints found at crime scenes thus can be matched with fingerprints in such collections. Fingerprint evidence was first accepted in an Argentine court in the 1890s and in an English court in 1902. Many other countries soon adopted this system of identification as well.

Since the late 1980s, DNA fingerprinting (e.g., hair, sperm, and blood) has been used to exclude a suspect or establish guilt with a high degree of probability. Other substances, such as fibers, paper, glass, and paint, can yield considerable information under microscopic or chemical analysis. Fibers, for instance, discovered on the victim or at the scene of the crime can be tested to determine whether they are similar to those in the clothing of the suspect. Computer networks allow investigators to search increasingly large bodies of data on material samples, though the creation of such databases is time-consuming and costly.

Biometrics is yet another emerging and fast growing technology in the field of forensics. Hand geometry, iris scan, ear matching, facial and voice recognition, vein patterns, and human body odor are some of the biometric-based methods that are either in use or are in the pipeline. Iris scan faces challenges many a times since iris is affected by drug use, alcohol, pregnancy and aging. Veins like fingerprints are unique to every individual. Vein Viewer and Palm Secure are two of the systems that use vein imaging. Electronic noses or E-noses have many applications including food quality control, and to an extent detecting human body odor. In 2006, in China, the government began gathering odor database, thereby, successful in solving many cases.

The changing role of forensic science is evident from the fact that earlier forensic analysis entered the investigative process post crime, post investigation, post suspect arrest but before prosecution, whereas now, forensic work often precedes an arrest. In other words, its role begins immediately after a crime is committed to assist investigators in developing leads and/or to identify possible suspects. This transition highlights the increased significance of forensic science in the criminal investigative process.

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Global market for smart machines to reach $15.2 billion by 2019

August 8, 2014

A smart machine is a machine that can accomplish its designated task in the presence of uncertainty and variability in its environment. However, not all smart machines are physical devices such as industrial machines and autonomous vehicles. Indeed, the market also comprises intelligent agents, virtual reality assistants, expert systems and embedded software that make traditional devices ‘smart’ in a very specialized way. Increasing R&D spending, technological advances and consumer demand will drive tremendous growth in this market for the foreseeable future.

BCC Research provides an in-depth analysis of the global market for smart machines through its report, Smart Machines: Technologies and Global Markets. According to the report, this market was valued at $5.3 billion in 2013 and is expected to reach $6.2 billion by 2014. BCC Research projects the market to grow to $15.2 billion by 2019, and register a five-year compound annual growth rate of 19.7% from 2014 to 2019.

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Use this report for, but not limited to, the following reasons:

  • Gain an overview of the global market for smart machines
  • Evaluate details which define these machines, including the ability to adapt to and learn from changing conditions in real time, the capacity to operate autonomously (without direct human supervision), and having the capability to communicate with other machines
  • Analyze global market trends, with data from 2013, estimates for 2014 and 2019, and projections of CAGRs through 2024
  • Assess potential markets for various types of smart machines such as virtual reality assistants, intelligent agents, expert systems, embedded software, autonomous robots, and purpose-built smart machines
  • Review key enabling technologies for the next generation of smart machines, including voice recognition technology, micro- and nanosensors, radio frequency technologies, and neurocomputing
SAMPLE FIGURE
GLOBAL SMART MACHINE MARKET, 2013-2024
($ MILLIONS)

1399967632_IAS094A-0

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Global market for multiple sclerosis disease-modifying products to reach $14.2 billion by 2018

August 7, 2014

Disease-modifying agents to treat multiple sclerosis (MS) are currently one of the largest classes of pharmaceutical products by sales in the U.S. and throughout the world. The total worldwide market for MS disease-modifying therapies is expected to reach nearly $14.2 billion by the end of 2018. The U.S. will be the primary market for most soon-to-be introduced MS therapies. Europe follows close behind; Japan also represents a large opportunity for a few particularly novel MS drug and biologic candidates.

BCC Research provides an in-depth study of the global multiple sclerosis drugs and biologics market through its report, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Drugs and Biologics: Technologies and Global Markets. According to the report, the global market for multiple sclerosis disease-modifying products reached $10.1 billion in 2012 and nearly $10.9 billion in 2013. This is expected to grow to $14.2 billion by 2018, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.4% from 2013 to 2018.

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Use this report for, but not limited to, the following reasons:

  • Gain an overview of the global market for MS drugs and biologics
  • Analyze global market trends, with data from 2011 to 2013, and projections of CAGRs through 2018
  • Access to detailed profiles of the MS disease-modifying products on the market in the U.S. and around the world
  • Gain an in-sight into how pharmaceutical and biotech companies are pursuing new approaches to treating MS as many of them look to move beyond current approaches
  • Obtain forecast sales by product, company, geographic region, formulation, and indication when possible for the time frame covered, including supporting analyses for these projections
  • Review comprehensive profiles of leading companies in the industry
SAMPLE FIGURE
GLOBAL MARKET FOR THERAPIES TREATING MS, 2011-2018
($ MILLIONS)

1403854898_PHM069B-0

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Global market for stem cells to reach $10.6 billion by 2018

August 6, 2014

Stem cell technology, among all other areas of bioscience, has produced a number of significant products in important therapeutic areas since the last decade. Because of the massive size of the market, developing a stem cell product line represents a considerable financial opportunity for research supply companies along with institutes involved in therapy and stem cord banking. With its global market expanding by double-digit every year, the stem cell market is estimated to grow substantially in the near future.

BCC Research provides an in-depth study of the global stem cells market through its report, The Global Market for Stem Cells. According to the report, the global market for stem cells reached $5.6 billion in 2013 and is expected to reach $6.2 billion in 2014. This is expected to grow to $10.2 billion by 2018, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.6% from 2013 to 2018.

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Use this report for, but not limited to, the following reasons:

  • Gain an overview of the global market for stem cells and related technologies
  • Analyze global market trends, with data from 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2019
  • Access information on the implications of stem cell research and commercial trends in the context of the current size and growth of the pharmaceutical market
  • Examine strategies employed by companies specializing in this field to meet the challenges of a competitive and fast-growing market
  • Review comprehensive profiles of major players in the field
SAMPLE FIGURE
GLOBAL STEM CELL MARKET AND FORECASTS, 2012-2018
($ MILLIONS)

1406792432_BIO035E-0

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Schizophrenia treatment-related Bitopertin market forecast model from BCC Research

August 5, 2014

Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that affects the way an individual acts, thinks, and sees the surrounding world. People suffering from schizophrenia experience an altered perception of reality, often a significant loss of contact with reality. To see or hear things that don’t exist, speak in strange or confusing ways, believe that others are trying to harm, or feel like being constantly watched are some of the symptoms of this disorder. With such a blurred line between the real and the imaginary, schizophrenia makes it difficult—even frightening—to negotiate the activities of daily life. As a result, people with schizophrenia very often withdraw from the outside world or act out in confusion and fear.

John Forbes Nash, Jr., (1928—present) is an American Mathematician (and recipient of Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics Science in 1994), who struggled most of his life in balancing his mathematical genius and his schizophrenic disorder. He spent most of his time in delusions, most of which were unaccountable, bizarre and exaggerations of normal human behaviour. Through awareness and conscious effort, Nash reclaimed his life and has been living successfully for the past 20 years. Nash’s life inspired the making of the critically acclaimed movie, A Beautiful Mind, released in 2001.

Renowned author of the book, The Center Cannot Hold: My Journey Through Madness, Elyn R. Saks first noticed something was wrong at the age of 16. One day, she suddenly left her classroom and started for her home. During that agonizing journey, she heard voices in her neighbourhood as if they were transmitting hostile and insulting messages directly into her brain. Five years later, while attending Oxford Law School, Saks experienced her first complete schizophrenic break. With proper medication, therapy and the support of family and friends, she finally came out a winner after a decade.

The available treatments in schizophrenia aim to manage acute episodes, prevent relapse and improve quality of life with minimal adverse effects. There are currently a wide variety of pharmacological treatments which can be broadly categorized into typical (first-generation) or atypical (second-generation) antipsychotics. Non-pharmacological treatments include individual psycho-education interventions, family interventions and cognitive behavioral therapy.

BCC Research recently launched the forecast model of Bitopertin, which provides quantitative data about the pharmaceutical drug, Bitopertin, currently under development. Bitopertin is a glycin reuptake inhibitor as a possible form of treatment of persistent negative symptoms or suboptimally controlled positive symptoms associated with schizophrenia. The model will guide potential customers make strategic decision-making regarding future participation in this product sector.

BCC Research’s Bitopertin Forecast Model is available in an easily accessible Microsoft Excel spreadsheet covering market demand forecasts for the years 2016 to 2030. Segmentation has been shown in volume (number of patients) and value (U.S. dollars) for the countries like United States, Japan, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the U.K.

To know more about our Bitopertin forecast model, please visit http://www.bccresearch.com/market-research/forecast-models/bitopertin-forecast-fmo003a.html


Global market for advanced and nanoscale ceramic powders to reach $12.1 billion by 2018

July 31, 2014

Advanced ceramic and nanoceramic powders — oxides, carbides, nitrides, and borides — are sold as starting materials for solid commercial articles. These powders dominate the quality of fabricated ceramics derived from them due to their superior particle size distribution and chemical purity. An improving global economy as well as reduced production costs and increasing identification of appropriate markets for nanoscale ceramic powders will drive steady growth in this market for the foreseeable future.

BCC Research provides an in-depth analysis of the global market for advanced and nanoscale ceramic powders through its report, Advanced Ceramics and Nanoceramic Powders. According to the report, this market was valued at $9 billion in 2013. This is expected to grow to $12.1 billion by 2018, and register a five-year compound annual growth rate of 6.2% from 2013 to 2018.

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Use this report for, but not limited to, the following reasons:

  • Gain an in-depth overview of the advanced ceramics and nanoceramic powders market
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  • Identify suppliers, major user industries, and major issues related to the production and commercialization of advanced ceramic and nanosized ceramic powders
  • Assess the technological and business issues related to the commercial production and use of advanced ceramic and nanoceramic powders
  • Review company profiles of key players in the market
    SAMPLE FIGURE
    GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ADVANCED AND NANOSIZED CERAMIC POWDERS, 2012–2018
    (% OF TOTAL VALUE CONSUMED)

1398849771_NAN015G-0

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Global market for ambulance and emergency medical services equipment to reach $6.8 billion by 2018

July 30, 2014

The ambulance equipment industry experienced significant growth during the last decade due to the recession, an unstable health insurance environment, natural calamities and technological advancements. Increasing competition and new technologies are directing the market in a new direction. New technological advancements, new product launches and the population’s strenuous and fast lifestyle are expected to drive the growth of the market in the foreseeable future.

BCC Research provides a thorough analysis of the global ambulance and emergency medical services (EMS) equipment through its report, Ambulance and Emergency Equipment: Global Markets. According to the report, the global market for EMS equipment in 2012 was $5.8 billion and $5.9 billion in 2013. At a 2.9% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) from 2013 to 2018, this market is expected to rise to $6.8 billion by 2018.

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Use this report for, but not limited to, the following reasons:

  • Gain an overview of the global market ambulance and emergency medical services equipment
  • Analyze global market trends, with data from 2012 and 2013, and projections of CAGRs through 2018.
  • Obtain details concerning recent technological developments and commercial aspects of various products
  • In-sight into major trends as well as challenges and inhibitors affecting the market
  • Review profiles of major players in the industry
SAMPLE FIGURE
GLOBAL MARKET FOR AMBULANCE AND EMS EQUIPMENT, 2011-2018
($ MILLIONS)

1405604392_HLC168A-0

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